Phillip King

Born 1934, Tunis, Tunisia.
Died in 2021, in London, United-Kingdom.


Education

1954-1957
Cambridge University, Cambridge, United-Kingdom

1957-1958
Saint Martin's School of Art, London, United-Kingdom


Professorship

1999-2004
President of the Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

1990-1999
Professor of Sculpture, Royal Academy Schools, London, United-Kingdom

1980-1990
Professor Emeritus, Royal College of Art, London, United-Kingdom

1979-1980
Hochschule der Künste, Berlin, Germany

1959-1980
St Martin’s School of Art, London, United-Kingdom

Awards

1999-2004
President of the Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

1977
Elected Associate of the Royal Academy of Arts, London, United-Kingdom

1967-1969
Trustee of the Tate Gallery, London, United-Kingdom


Public Collections

Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Arts Council of Great Britain, London, United-Kingdom
Bradford City Art Gallery, Bradford, United-Kingdom
British Council, London, United-Kingdom
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal
City of Rotterdam Collection, Rotherdam, Netherlands
Contemporary Arts Society, London, United-Kingdom
Cultural Centre, Adelaide, Australia
Felton Bequest, Melbourne, Australia
Government Art Collection, London, United-Kingdom
Galleria d'Arte Moderno, Turin, Italy
Government Art Collection, London, United-Kingdom
Hakone Open Air Museum, Hakone, Japan
Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Kistefos Museum, Jevnaker, Norway
Leeds Museum & Galleries (City Art Gallery), Leeds, United-Kingdom
Leisure Centre, Osaka, Japan
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, USA
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark
Middleheim Open Air Museum, Antwerp, Belgium
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
New Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Osaka City Public Art Collection, Japan
Public Sculpture of Leicestershire, Countesthorpe College, Leicester, United-Kingdom
Prefectural Museum of Contemporary Art, Toyama, Japan
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland
State University of New York College, Purchase, New York, USA
Stuyvesant Foundation, New York, USA
San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, USA
Tate Collection, London, United-Kingdom
Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel
Tokyo University Art Collection, Tokyo, Japan
Ulster Museum, Belfast, Northern Ireland 
Venet Foundation Collection, Le Muy, France
Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven, USA
Love at first sight for… all of Phillip King's sculptures. Wherever they stand, their mysterious presence structures and punctuates the space of their colourful surfaces. They are like a skin protecting a sealed presence. "It is", says Phillip King, "by caressing a sculpture that I realised all there is that is invisible".

Genghis Khan is a surface enveloping a cone. For Rodin, as Phillip King likes to mention, sculpture is first a cone, a cube or cylinder. Minimal art endorsed this pithy definition to the full. As have Anthony Caro and Phillip King. But Rodin punctured the skin of his sculpture and distorted these primary forms. An admirer of Rodin, Phillip King arranges his sculpture in smooth surfaces that are, at first, simple but then become increasingly complex. He favours the sheath as did Brancusi, Arp and Moore. Genghis Khan is first of all a cone, a primary structure erected contrary to the dictates of minimalist sculpture. Wings with stylised cutouts leap out like the visors of an imperial helmet. This emanates an aura sanctifying this impassive sculpture. Is this sculpture then a statue? A portrait? Or its sign, its terrorising logo? Genghis Khan is perhaps only the title of this work generating but, in contrast to the titles given to his works by Frank Stella, it generates meanings of a legend and of an epic.

Phillip King was born in 1934 in Tunis. He was a pupil of Anthony Caro. Both have changed the course of English sculpture. They managed to break both with the legacy of Moore and of Hepworth and that of the generation of sculptors celebrated since 1952: Chadwick, Armitage, Turnbull, amongst others. Seduced by the radicalism of the American minimalists, they have in no way imitated them. They have opened a pathway to a new art typified by Richard Long, Richard Deacon and Anthony Cragg.

The red Slant of 1966, follows on from his green version of 1965 and is a work that could be continued indefinitely. It is, for me, one of the most important works of the sixties. As Peguy might have said, we can walk its length. It is a 'sculpture stroll', unlike the flagstones and "tomblike" boxes of Carl Andre and Robert Morris. Slant prefigures the works of Richard Long. It is a landscape sculpture that we need to fix diagonally in space to offer an oblique vision inviting us to move towards it to walk its length. Just as one might walk by a hedge, a river, a grove. Placed on the ground, it unfolds at the same time in a kind of impossible flight. In this way, it evades the radical phenomenology of minimal art to link with the art of gardens, the art of English landscape painters from Constable to Paul Nash, recalling his strange structures populating the stubble of harvested wheat. There is nothing comparable to Slant and to Phillip King's work in Western sculpture of the fifties and sixties. Except for the works that David Smith used to line up in the rough and wild nature of an open field at Bolton Landing.

Bernard Ceysson
Group shows at Ceysson Gallery
Sculptures, Matters, Materials, Textures..., Offsite
September 10 - October 16, 2016


Solo Exhibitions

2022
Galerie Ceysson & Bénétière, Wandhaff, Luxembourg

2018
Color Space Place, Luhring Augustine Gallery, New York, USA

2017
Phillip King: Colour on Fire & Ceramics 1995-2017, Thomas Dane Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Galerie Lelong, Paris, France

2015
Free to Frolic, Kistefos Museet, Norway

2014
Phillip King, Thomas Dane Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

Phillip King, Ranelagh Gardens, Royal Hospital Chelsea, London, United-Kingdom

Phillip King, Duveen Galleries, Tate Britain, London, United-Kingdom

2013

Phillip King, Le Consortium, Dijon, France

2012
Speerstra Foundation, Apples, Switzerland

2011
Flowers Cork Street, London, United-Kingdom

2009

Canary Wharf, London, United-Kingdom

2008
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

2007

Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

2006
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

2003
Jesus College, Cambridge, United-Kingdom

2002
Place Gallery, Cavagnole, Italy

2001
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Garth Clark Gallery, New York, USA

1998
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1997
Forte de Belvedere, Florence, Italy

1996

Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, United-Kingdom

1995

Galerie Waszkowiak/Walter Bischoff Galerie, Berlin, Germany

1994

Observer Studio Exhibition, London, United-Kingdom

1993

Musée des Beaux-Arts André Malraux, Le Havre, France
Galerie Waszkowiak, Berlin, Germany
Le Prieure Saint Michel, Vimoutiers, France
La Filature, Nouvel Espace Culturel, Mulhouse, France

1992
Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, United-Kingdom
Städtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany
Art Warehouse, London, United-Kingdom

MAAK Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1990

Mayor Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Grob Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1987
Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1983

Juda Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1981

Hayward Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Fruit Market Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1979
Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1977
Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1976
Oriel, Welsh Arts Council, Cardiff, United-Kingdom

1975
Mapping Art Gallery, Sheffield, United-Kingdom
Whitehaven Museum, Cumbria, United-Kingdom
Art Gallery & Museum, Aberdeen, United-Kingdom
Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, United-Kingdom
Hatton Gallery, Newcastle, United-Kingdom

Museum and Art gallery, Portsmouth, United-Kingdom

1973

Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1972
Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1970

Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1968
Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
British Pavilion, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
Stadt Gallery, Bochum, Germany

1966
Richard Feigen Gallery, New York, USA
Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, USA

1964

Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

Group Exhibitions

2022
Forthcoming: A Matter of Life and Death, Thomas Dane Gallery, Naples, Italy

2019
Sculpture at Wisley 2019, The Royal Horticultural Society, London, United-Kingdom
Objects of Wonder: British Sculpture 1950s-Present, from the Tate Collection, Palais Populaire, Berlin, Germany

2018
Duologue, Royal Society of Sculptors, London, United-Kingdom
Ken’s Show: Exploringthe Unseen, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, United-Kingdom

2017
Kaleidoscope: Colour and Sequence in 1960s British Art, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, United-Kingdom; travelled to: Djanogly Gallery, Nottingham Lakeside Arts, Nottingham, United-Kingdom; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, United-Kingdom
Sculpture in the Sixties, Pangolin London, England

2016
Sculptures, Matières, Matériaux, Textures…, Hors les murs, Galerie Bernard Ceysson, Luxembourg

2015

Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

2014

Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

2008
New Generation Revisted, New Art Centre, Salisbury, United-Kingdom

2007

Bernard Jacobsen Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Blickachsen 6, Bad Homburg Kurpark, Germany

2006
How to Improve the World, 60 Years of British Art, Hayward Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Sculpture by the Sea, Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia

2005

Bernard Jacobsen gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Metamorphosis: British Arts of the Sixties, Andros, Greece

2004
Art in the Sixties: This was Tomorrow, Tate Britain, London, United-Kingdom
Moore to Hirst: 60 Years of British Sculpture, National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania

2003

Bernard Jacobsen Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

2001

Field Day: Sculpture from Britain, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan

2000

Bronze: Contemporary British Sculpture, Holland Park, London, United-Kingdom
The Concealed Space - British Sculpture, Turin, Italy
The Eye of the Storm, La Mandria, Turin, Italy

1999
Coloured Sculpture: Britain in the Sixties, Waddington Galleries, London, United-Kingdom

1996

Un Siècle de la Sculpture Anglaise, Galerie National du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
The Square, Städtische Museum, Heilbronn, Germany
Flowers East, London, United-Kingdom

1995
Flowers East, London, United-Kingdom

1994

Galerie Waszkowiak, Berlin, Germany

1993

Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, United-Kingdom

1992
The Spirit of Modernism, Austin/Desmond and Phipps, USA

1991
Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom
Sculptor's Drawings, William Jackson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1990

Contemporary British Sculptors, Studies on Paper, Connaught Brown, London, United-Kingdom
Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

1989

Exposition de Sculpture Anglaise, Musée de Harve, France

1988

Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

1987

British Art in the 20th Century, Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom
Kerfield Symposium, Germany

1986

Contemporary British Sculpture, Rotunda Gallery, Honk Kong, China

1985

Sculpture, Fondation Cartier, Jouy-en-Joasas, France

25 Years: Three Decades of Contemporary Art, Juda Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1984

Five Sculptors, Juda Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Festival Sculpture, International Garden Festival, Liverpool, United-Kingdom

1983

Sculptures by Six Artists, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1982

British Sculpture in the 20th Century, Part 2, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Aspects of British Art Today, British Council travelling show : Tokyo Metropolitan Museum, Tochigi Prefectural Museum, National Museum of Modern Art Osaka, Fukuoka Art Museum, Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Sapporo, Japan
Milestones in Modern British Sculpture, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, United-Kingdom

1981
Summer Exhibition, Guildford House Gallery, Guildford, United-Kingdom
Artists in Camden, Kenwood House, London, United-Kingdom

1980

British Art 1940-80, Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Growing Up With Art, Leicestershire Collection, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1979

Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Six Large Sculptures in the Museum Gardens, City Museum and Art Gallery, Portsmouth, United-Kingdom
The British Art Show, Sheffield, Newcastle, Bristol, United-Kingdom
Fine Art Treasures Exhibition, Somerset House, London, United-Kingdom

1977

Silver Jubilee Exhibitions of Contemporary British Sculpture, Battersea Park, London, United-Kingdom
Silver Jubilee Exhibition of Contemporary British Sculpture, Battersea Park, London, United-Kingdom
Maquettes, Drawings and Related Material, Redfern Gallery, London

Bienniale de Paris, une Anthologie: 1959-67, Paris, France
British Artists of the 60s, Tate Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Gallery Artists, Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Modern British Sculpture, DLI Museum and Arts Centre, Durham, United-Kingdom

The First Sculpture Park in the Royal Parks, Regents Park, London, United-Kingdom

1976

Contemporary British Art, Galleries of the Cleveland Institute of Art, USA
Arte Inglese Oggi, Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy

Faculty Exhibition, Chelsea School of Art, London, United-Kingdom

1975

CAS Art Fair, Mall Galleries, London, United-Kingdom
The Condition of Sculpture, Hayward gallery, London, United-Kingdom
British Exhibition, Art 6 '75 , Basel, Schweizer Mustermesse, Basel, Switzerland

1973

Magic and Strong Medicine, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, United-Kingdom
From Henry Moore to Gilbert and George - Modern British Art from the Tate Gallery, Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels, Belgium

1972

British Sculpture '72 , Royal Academy, London, United-Kingdom

1971

Summer Season, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, Netherlands
British Painting and Sculpture 1960-70, National Gallery, Washington, USA
McAlpine Gift Exhibition, Tate Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1970
Some Recent Art in Britain, Leeds City Art Gallery, United-Kingdom
British Sculpture Out of the Sixties, ICA, London, United-Kingdom

La sculpture dans la Cité, Reims, France
Contemporary British Art, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan

1969

Arts '69 , Art Museum Ateneum, Helsinki, Finland

Contemporary Art - Dialogue Between East and West, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan
The Constructive Heritage, Sonja Henie and Niels Onstad Foundation, Blommenholm

Tenth Biennale for Sculpture, Middelheim, Antwerp, Belgium

Post 1945 Art, CALA Arts Centre Cambridge, United-Kingdom
Socha Piestanskych Parkov 1969, Czechoslovakia

International Sculptors, Osaka, United-Kingdom

1968

Leicestershire Educational Authority Collection, Part I, Leicestershire, United-Kingdom
Interim Exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Documenta IV, Kassel, Germany
Young British Generation, Academie der Küunste, Berlin, Germany

1967

Arts for the City, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, USA
Monuments, Tombstones and Trophies, Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York
Pittsburgh International, Carnigie Institute, Pittsburgh, USA
Fifth Guggenheim International Exhibition, New York, USA
A Tribute to Robert Fraser, Robert Fraser Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
Rowan Gallery, London, United-Kingdom

1966
Primary Structures, Jewish Museum, New York, USA
Galleria Notizie, Turin, Italy
Galleria dell'Ariete, Milan, Italy

British Sculpture, Galerie Freidrich Dahlem, Munich, Germany
Sculpture in the Open Air, Battersea, London, United-Kingdom
Sonsbeek '49, Arnhem, Netherland
Chromatic Sculptures, Arts Council Travelling show:
New Shapes of Colour, Stedlijk Museum, Amsterdam

Kunstverein Stuttgart & Kunsthalle Bern

Young British Sculptors, Kunsthalle Bern, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam & Kunstverein Düsseldorf

1965

English Eye, Marlborough-Gerson, New York, USA
The New Generation, Whitechapel Gallery, London, United-Kingdom
London: The New Scene, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis and travelling USA

1964
New Realists, The Hague and Düsseldorf, Germany
Documenta III, Kassel, Germany

1963

Third International Biennale des Jeunes Artistes, Paris, France

1961
British Sculpture, Jewish Museum, New York, USA
British Sculpture, Museum and Bilbao, Spain
Monographs

2017
Lemoine, Serge. Phillip King, Dans la couleur. Paris: Galerie Lelong, 2017 
 
2016
Gautherot, Franck, Michel Gauthier and Clarrie Wallis. Phillip King. Dijon: Les presses du reel, 2016
 
2010
Phillip King. A survey through 50 years. London: Flowers Gallery, 2010
 
2008
Collings, Matthew. Phillip King: Living with Colour. London: Bernard Jacobson Gallery, 2008
 
1997
Murray, Peter ed. Phillip King. Florence: Electa, 1997
 
1996
Cork, Richard. Phillip King: Ceramic Vessels. Wakefield: Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1996
 
1992
Hilton, Timothy ed. The Sculpture of Phillip King. Leeds: Henry Moore Foundation, 1992
De Circasia, Victor and John Edwards. Phillip King: The Artist In Conversation. Wakefield: Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1992
 
1990
Berry, Harriet ed. Phillip King. London: Mayor Rowan Gallery, 1990
 
1981
Oxenaar, Rudolf, Robert Kudielka and Lynne Cooke. Phillip King. London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1981
 
1976
Sculptures by Phillip King: an Arts Council exhibition. London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1976
 
1974
Phillip King: Kröller-Müller National Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands, from April 7th until June 9th. Otterlo: Kröller-Müller Museum, 1974
Phillip King: Skulpturen 1969-1974. Bern: Kunsthalle Bern, 1974
 
1968
Robertson, Bryan. Phillip King: British Pavilion, XXXIV Venice Biennale, 1968. London: British Council, 1968

Publications and Exhibition catalogues(Selection)

2018
Douroux, Xavier ed. Observation: Le Consortium 1999-2017. Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 2018
 
2017
Cornish, Sam and Natalie Rudd eds. Kaleidoscope. Colour and sequence in 1960s British Art. London: Hayward Gallery, 2017
 
2015
No vacancies: Miyoko Ito, Phillip King, Robert Morris, Lisa Williamson. New York: Marianne Boesky Gallery, 2015
 
2011
Feldman, Anita and Malcolm Woodward. Henry Moore: Plasters. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2011
James, N P ed. Interviews-artists: patterns of experience: recordings 1988-2011. London: CV Publications, 2011
Phillip King: A Survey through 50 Years, Flowers East, 2011, London
 
2006
Modern Art Now: from Conception to Consumption. London: Strawberry Art Press, 2006, p. 50
 
2004
Stephens, Chris. Art & the 60's: this was tomorrow. London: Tate Publishing, 2004
 
2003
Cork, Richard. Breaking down the barriers: art in the 1990s. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003
 
2002
Beelden in Rotterdam; onder redactie van Jan Van Adrichem, Jelle Bouwhuis, Mariette Dölle. Rotterdam: Centrum Beeldende Kunst, 2002
 
2000
Elliott, Anna and Angela Dyer. Bronze: contemporary British sculpture, Holland Park. London: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Libraries and Arts Service, 2000
De Cirasia, Victor. Cordero, King, Venet in the same space: exposition. Torino: Ferrero editore/Museo dell’Automobile, 2000
 
1998
Mitchinson, David ed. Celebrating Moore: Works from the collection of the Henry Moore Foundation; edited by David Mitchinson. London: Lund Humphries, 1998
 
1997
Sculpture at Goodwood: British contemporary sculpture 97-98. Goodwood: Hat Hill Sculpture Foundation, 1997
 
1996
Un Siècle de Sculpture Anglaise. Paris: Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume
 
1992
Wegner, Nicholas ed. Interviews with the artists. London: CV Publications, 1992
 
1986
British Sculpture 1950-1965. London: New Art Centre, 1986
 
1976
English art today, 1960-76. New York: Rizzoli, 1976
 
1971
Ohff, Heinz. Galerie der Neuen Künste: Revolution ohne Programm. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1971
 
1969
Philip King, Bridget Riley: Beelden, Schilderijen en tekeningen. Rotteredam: Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, 1969
 
1968
Bridget Riley, Phillip King. Bochum: Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum/British Council, 1968
British artists: 6 painters, 6 sculptors. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1968
Read, Herbert and Bryan Robertson. New British painting and sculpture: 1968-1969. London: Whitechapel Gallery, 1968
 
1967
Hering, Karl Heinz. Acht junge britische Bildhauer. Düsseldorf: Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, 1967
 
1966
Phillip King, William Tucker. Milano: Galleria dell'Ariete, 1966
 
1965
Dunlop, Ian and Bryan Robertson. The new generation, 1965. London: Whitechapel Gallery, 1965
Sculptures, structures et textures
Art absolument - Tom Laurent
September 20, 2016
Voir le fichier
Sculptures, Matters, Materials, Textures... Foetz, Luxembourg
Sculptures, Matters, Materials, Textures... Foetz, Luxembourg
September 10, 2016